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Еврей без ярлыков Below are 10 entries, after skipping 10 most recent ones in the "Srulik" journal:

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February 2nd, 2017
11:11 am

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Классический Сефардский Подход
Заключительные абзацы статьи Рабби Йосифа Фаура “Одномерный еврей, нулемерный иудаизм”Final paragraphs of R' Jose Faur's "One-Dimensional Jew, Zero-Dimensional Judaism
Тора является весьма сложной системой. Формально она содержит 613 заповедей (мицвот). Каждая из них – нечто вроде “общего системного принципа”, разворачивающегося в разные области познания и различимые уровни сознания. В отличие от слоя возможностей, ни один отдельно взятый человек не может исполнить их все. Действительно, Тора была дана “клаль Исраэль” (общности Израиля) – а не отдельным личностям – потому, что Тора, будучи общей системой, может быть выполнена только коллективно, сплочённой командой. Выражаясь языком Писания, мы должны “служить Ему единым плечом” (Цефания 3:9).The Torah is a highly complex system. Formally, it contains 613 commandments (m 'Mot). Each is a kind of "general system principle" unfolding into different fields of interest, distinct levels of conscious- ness. Unlike strata of opportunities, these cannot be fulfilled by a single individual" Indeed, the Torah was given to Kelal Israel (the Totality of Israel) - not to individuals - because the Torah, as a total system, can only be fulfilled collectively, as a close-knit crew. We should, in the language of the Scripture, "serve him with a single shoulder" (Zeph. 3:9).
Из этого подхода следуют некоторые последствия. Поскольку один индивидуум не может выполнить всю Тору, то, выполнив одну заповедь (мицву), он принял участие в Завете (брит) и поэтому является “религиозным” человеком – была ли это заповедь “почитай родителей” или “не лови птицу с её птенцами” и т.д. Разнообразие мицвот столь велико и возможностей их исполнения столько, что весьма трудно найти даже одного еврея, который за свою жизнь не выполнил хотя бы одну заповедь Завета. Это – фундаментальное положение еврейской веры. Оно было сформулировано Р. Хананией бен Акашья (второй век) и содержится в весьма популярной сентенции Мишны (Макот 3:17), которую обычно произносят после изучения Пиркей Авот, перед кадишем. Она провозглашает, что Тора содержит великое разнообразие “учений и заповедей” потому, что Бог хотел “обеспечить народу Израиля заслуги” (ле-закот эт Исраэль). Маймонид объяснил это так (Пируш ѓа-Мишнайот там же):
There are several consequences to this view. Since it is not possible for a single individual to fulfill the Torah in its entirety, if one had fulfilled a single commandment she or he has participated in the berit and therefore is "religious" - no matter whether that misvah is "honoring one's parents," or "sending the bird away before taking her nestling," etc. The diversity of commandments is so great and the opportunities so many that it would be difficult to find a single Jew who in the course of his or her life had not fulfilled at least one of the misvot of the berit. This is a fundamental article of Jewish faith. It was formulated by R. Hananya ben Aqashya (second century) and is contained in a most popular Mishnah-passage (M. Mak. 3:17), usually recited when concluding Pirqe Abot, before saying the Qaddish. It proclaims that the great variety of "instruction and commandments" contained in the Torah is because God wished "to warrant Israel merit (le-zakkot et Israel)." Maimonides explained:
“Одно из фундаментальных вероположений Закона – что человек, исполнивший (хотя бы) одну из 613 заповедей удовлетворительно и как полагается, вне связи с каким-нибудь низменным намерением, а чисто ради неё самой, из любви… этот человек приобретает право на жизнь в Мире Грядущем. Р’ Ханания учит, что великое разнообразие заповедей обеспечивает каждому возможность в течение своей жизни исполнить (хотя бы) одну (заповедь) идеально.”
It is one of the Law's fundaments of faith, that if a person had executed [even] one of the 613 commandments of the Law, in a proper and satisfactory manner, without associating with it some mundane designs at all, but did it for its own sake, as [an act of] love... that person has gained the rights to the life in the World to Come. R. Hananya is teaching that the great variety of commandments assure that during the whole course of one's life a person would have the opportunity to perfectly fulfill [at least] a single [commandment].
Следовательно, нынешнее деление на “религиозных/светских” (дати/хилони) противоречит фундаментальным понятиям Торы: это ещё один случай духовной ассимиляции нееврейских концептуальных моделей. Разнообразие мнений и подходов среди евреев следует не просто терпеть (собланут), а ценить, ибо мои личные действия обретают значимость и связность только путём динамического общения всех членов команды.It follows that the current division of "religious/secular" (dati/hiloni) is contrary to the fundaments of the Torah: another instance of spiritual assimilation to non-Jewish conceptual models. The diversity of views and attitudes prevalent among Jews warrants appreciation, rather than soblanut (tolerance), because it is only through the dynamic interaction of all the members of the team that my acts gain meaning and coherence.


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January 31st, 2017
10:35 am

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Looks Like an Interesting Book


Young Men in Israeli Haredi Yeshiva Education: The Scholars’ Enclave in Unrest. Yohai Hakak. Brill Academic. November 2012.

Tradition. Conservatism. Religious fundamentalism. For some readers, these terms might connote other adjectives, such as “unchanging,” “backward,” or “unitary.” Yohai Hakak’s Young Men in Israeli Haredi Yeshiva Education indicates that discourses within Israeli Lithuanian yeshivas (orthodox religious schools) are anything but static. This study was published in Brill’s Jewish Identities in a Changing World, a series that explores the simultaneously unified and multifarious nature of Jewish identity in the 21st century. In his book, Hakak, a former journalist and senior lecturer at the University of Portsmouth’s School of Health Sciences and Social Work, examines the discursive and constructed nature of the male body in Haredi education.

[...] Central to Hakak’s argument is the idea that yeshiva leaders utilise conceptions of equality and egalitarianism within the religious enclave to both mitigate defection from the community and to establish a wider gap between the enclave and the “outside” world. [..T]hese yeshivas, and the Haredi community more broadly, are in the process of combating a crisis of disintegration and higher yeshiva dropout rates in light of increased competition and a lack of alternative educational or vocational paths. Educational leaders, Hakak suggests, responded to these challenges by emphasising equality within the community in contrast with the outside world, and as detailed in chapter 5, by reframing the historical presentation of revered past scholars. Chapter 6, meanwhile, discusses the ways in which the students themselves deviate from, challenge, and ultimately influence the discourse on the ideal male body. [...]

Hakak describes how Rabbis appropriate certain “western” discourses; “Judaizing” them so that they correspond with existing values and community norms.

Full review here.

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January 29th, 2017
09:47 pm

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Conversation Piece
Благодаря усилиям дочки у меня появились conversation pieces для inauguration kiddush:



Правда, он так официально не назывался, но трамповка таки имела на нём успех. Во время своей речи раввин даже изменил своему обычаю избегать политики и сказал: "И восстал фараон, который не знал Йосефа. У нас же наоборот: был фараон не знавший; даст Бог, этот будет не такой!"

В другой же синагоге из посещаемых мной был один скрежет зубовный.

(Золочёная бутылка – 0.5л обычной водки, сиреневая – скорее аперитив: 20% со вкусом фиг. Неожиданно вкусно.)

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January 27th, 2017
11:54 am

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Why Would A Lawyer Intentionally Lose A Case?
Check out Catherine Beale's answer:

The cases fell like ducks in a row. It was horrible to watch this. The clients would cry. They were depressed. “The judge said you don’t have a case,” he’d say. And he’d keep the money.

Why would a lawyer deliberately lose a lawsuit?

Because he doesn’t want to finance it under terms of his own retainer. And he makes more with these $10,000 retainers than he would selling used cars.

It happens.

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January 26th, 2017
11:16 am

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"Outrage Dilution"
Another interesting look at things from Scott Adams:

I’m having a fun time watching President Trump flood the news cycle with so many stories and outrages that no one can keep up. Here’s how the math of persuasion works in this situation:

1 outrage out of 3 headlines in a week: Bad Persuasion

25 outrages out of 25 headlines in a week: Excellent Persuasion

At the moment there are so many outrages, executive orders, protests, and controversies that none of them can get enough oxygen in our brains. I can’t obsess about problem X because the rest of the alphabet is coming at me at the same time.

When you encounter a situation that is working great except for one identifiable problem, you can focus on the problem and try to fix it. But if you have a dozen complaints at the same time, none of them looks special. The whole situation just looks confusing, and you don’t know where to start. So you wait and see what happens. Humans need contrast in order to make solid decisions that turn into action. Trump removed all of your contrast by providing multiple outrages of similar energy.

You’re probably seeing the best persuasion you will ever see from a new president. Instead of dribbling out one headline at a time, so the vultures and critics can focus their fire, Trump has flooded the playing field. You don’t know where to aim your outrage. He’s creating so many opportunities for disagreement that it’s mentally exhausting. Literally. He’s wearing down the critics, replacing their specific complaints with entire encyclopedias of complaints. And when Trump has created a hundred reasons to complain, do you know what impression will be left with the public?

He sure got a lot done.

Even if you don’t like it.

In only a few days, Trump has made us question what-the-hell every other president was doing during their first weeks in office. Were they even trying?

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January 23rd, 2017
12:06 pm

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Trump’s Shore Thing
From the presidents-don't-really-matter-that-much file:

If Trump is really going to deliver on his pledge to preserve a significant number of American industrial jobs, he’s going to need more than intimidation and a “let’s make a deal” philosophy.

Fortunately, better alternatives exist, including bolstering a trend that’s already underway: reshoring, or the bringing home of manufacturing jobs by American firms. Hundreds of businesses have already found compelling reasons to begin producing goods here in the United States again, and the Trump administration can help clear some of the obstacles to reshoring to ignite even more gains.

Full article here.

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09:31 am

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Вот, кстати, да
http://midbar.livejournal.com/504243.html

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January 20th, 2017
09:14 am

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Дочь позвонила из Израиля поздравить с Trumpocalypse Day :-)

В синагоге, куда я хожу на будничный шахарит, сегодня не дотянули до миньяна. Раввин полагает, что все ушли на фронт уехали протестовать в Вашингтон. Может быть; во всяком случае, одна из присутствовавших женщин сообщила о своём намерении пойти в шабат на Boston Women's March for America. Даме за 60, но она не поленится полтора часа топать до Copley Square и потом ещё собственно маршировать.

Активная жизненная позиция, чо.

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January 13th, 2017
02:06 pm

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Peter Berger on Pluralism
A Jewish Take on Pluralism

[...] My own starting point is the insight (which took me many years to reach) that it is not secularity or secularism that provides the main challenge to religion today, but rather pluralism, as I have defined it here. This insight rejects so-called secularization theory, which dominated the study of contemporary religion until recently. Its core proposition was that more modernity inexorably leads to less religion. That proposition has become empirically untenable. [...]

You can have pluralism without religious freedom. The combination of the two has explosive consequences. In this connection a comparison between America and Israel is instructive. [...] Inevitably, I think, pluralism shakes the taken-for-granted status of parental traditions. Destiny becomes choice. This creates fragility — the memory survives that, after all, a different choice may have been made, perhaps still may be. Sometimes the sheer presence of “an other” starts a process of relativization: Here is somebody — evidently not stupid or crazy, perhaps even simpatico — who does not share my previous certainties. [...]

These considerations give a different perspective on faith in our time: The opposite of faith is not unbelief, but knowledge. I don’t need faith to affirm what I know — for example, that the skyline I see from the window of my study is of Boston, not of New York. But when I believe that the concierge downstairs is not planning to kill me, I don’t really know this, but I have faith in this belief. It is not irrational — he has been around for several years, he has always been friendly and helpful. I would say that any religious affirmation I might be able to make (hesitantly) is closer to my faith in the benevolent concierge than to my knowledge of my geographical location. If we spiritual cousins of Sartre are honest, we should describe ourselves as agnostics/”not-knowers.” There are more and more of us in advanced capitalist democracies.

Full article here.

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January 11th, 2017
03:48 pm

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Необычный текст
(То есть, может быть, и обычный по нынешним временам. Но от Ятед Нееман я этого как-то не ожидал.)

История (поданная, как реально случившаяся) о младшем мальчике в нормальной большой семье, у которого проблемы с учёбой – йешива решительно не по нему. Родители докатились, наконец, до обращения к психологу, который после одной длинной сессии с мальчиком вдруг приглашает на следующую всю семью (из тех, кто ещё дома). На сессии отец теряет терпение и кричит, что ребёнку надо взять себя в руки и нормально сидеть и учиться, как все.

Тут неожиданно вступает ранее молчавший дед мальчика и требует, чтобы все немедленно прекратили наезд, после чего рассказывает почему-то ранее неизвестную историю. Оказывается, что, будучи подростком в довоенной Польше, он точно так же не мог усидеть в йешиве и в 15 лет стал подмастерьем сапожника. Подросши, он нашёл работу, требовавшую частых путешествий, и таким образом был в курсе событий и настроений, отчего в 1936 он начал уговаривать семью уехать в Америку. Никто не согласился, и в результате он уехал один.

"Видите?" заключил он. "Если бы я мог усидеть в йешиве, я погиб бы вместе с ними. Так оставьте в покое моего внука, он просто другой. Не хуже и не лучше – другой. Благодаря таким детям, как он и я – те, кто делает – вы все живы сегодня."

Относиться к детям с пониманием – это, конечно, нормально. Но вот эта идея, что "те, кто делает" (в оригинале doers of this world) имеют какую-то ценность – этого я не ожидал от харедимного издания. Или я отстал от жизни, и это уже нормально?

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